Books & Monographs


  1. Key Issues in Pakistan's Economy, State Bank of Pakistan, 2005

  2. Debt, Dollars and Deficits,  Vanguard Press, 2004.

  3. Current Issues in Pakistan's Economy,  State Bank of Pakistan, 2004

  4. Economic Management in Pakistan 1999-2002,  Oxford University
    Press, 2003.

  5. Leading Issues Facing Pakistan Economy,  State Bank of Pakistan, 2002.

  6. Political Economy of Reforms: Case Study of Pakistan,  Pakistan
    Institute of Development Economics, 1999.

  7. Pakistan: The Economy of an Elitist State, Oxford University
    Press, 1999.

  8. The Challenge of Africa:  The Evolving Role of the World Bank,
    The World Bank.  September 1994.

  9. Adjustment in Africa: Lessons from Country Case Studies, Co-edited
    with Rashid Faruqee, World Bank, 1994.

  10. African External Finance,  Co-edited with John Underwood,
    World Bank, 1991.

  11. Dealing with the Debt Crisis,  Co-edited with Ishac Diwan, World
    Bank, 1989.

  12. The Adequacy of Resource Flows to Developing Countries,
    Washington, Development Committee No. 18, September 1988.

  13. Perspectives on Nigerian Economy, Lagos, Nigerian Institute of
    International Institute, 1987.

  14. Ghana: Policies and Program for Adjustment,  World Bank, 1984.

  15. The Economy of Modern Sind. Institute of Sindiology, 1980.

  16. Rural-Urban Relations in Pakistan, U.N. Center for Regional
    Development, 1977.


  1. “Education, Employment and Economic Development in Pakistan” in Robert Hathaway (ed) Education Reform in Pakistan, Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center, 2005.

  1. “The Economy of Pakistan: Past, Present and Future”, in Robert Hathaway and Wilson Lee (eds), Islamization and the Pakistani Economy. Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center, 2004.

  1. “Preparing for Privatization: Lessons from Pakistan“ in G. Caprio etal (eds), The Future of State-Owned Financial Institutions. Washington, Brookings University Press, 2004.

  1. "Structural Adjustment in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Progress Report" in U.N. University, Challenges of African Development. Tokyo, U.N. University, 1994.

  1. "Structural Adjustment and Poverty Reduction" in Banco Mondiale and CeSPI, Sviluppo Sostenibile E Riduzione Della Poverta. Rome, CeSPI, 1994.

  1. "Does Structural Adjustment Hurt or Help the Poor" in L. Boer and J. Rooimans (eds). The World Bank and Poverty Reduction. The Hague, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1994.

  1. "Structural Adjustment and Long-term Development of Sub-Saharan Africa." In R. Van der Hoeven, et al., ed., Structural Adjustment and Beyond. London: J. Currey, 1994.

  1. "Trade, Aid and Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa." In D. Rimmer, ed., Africa in Action, London: J. Currey, 1993.

  1. "Regional Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa - Comment." In J. de Melo and A. Panagarya, eds. New Regionalism. The World Bank, 1993.

  1. "External Debt and Foreign Aid." In A. Nasim, ed., Financing Development in the 1990s. Lahore University of Management Sciences, 1992.

  1. "Current Account Surplus in Asia and its Recycling " In Loh Fu-Chen and Akrasanee. N., ed., The Future of Asian and Pacific Economies. (Bombay, Allied Publishers, 1992).

  1. "Capital Flows to South Asian and Asaean Countries" (with Kwang Jun) in SP Gupa and S. Tambunlert Chai, The Asia Pacific Economices: A Challenge to South Asia. (N. Delhi, MacMillan, 1992).

  1. "Finance for. Development: Past Trends and Future Prospects." In Klein, ed., Managing External Debt in Developing Countries. World Bank, 1992.

  1. "Structural Adjustment in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Record, Lessons and Prospects." In A. Duncan. Structural Adjustment in Low Income Countries. Oxford University, Food Studies Group, 1992.

  1. "External Debt and the Development Process." In Klein, T. Managing External Debt in Developing Countries, World Bank Discussion Paper 155, 1992.

  1. “External Debt and Expected Net Flows." (With Ishac Diwan), In Marer and Zecehini, eds., The Transition to a Market Economy. OECD, 1991.

  1. "Organizing for Efficient Debt Management." In Debt Management Systems. World Bank, April 1989.

  1. "Resources for Development." In Burki and Laporte, eds., Pakistan's Development Option During the Eighties. Oxford University Press, 1985.

  1. "Rural-Urban Relations in Pakistan", UNCRD, Nagoya, November 1977.

  1. "The Economy of New Pakistan: A Survey, 1960-1975." U.N. Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), Nagoya, February 1976.

  1. "The Economy of Modern Sind." In Hamida Khuro, ed., Sind Through Centuries. Oxford University Press, 1976.